Categories
Tutorial WordPressaside

Attachment Image Snippet

This snippet for wp_get_attachment_image_src frequently appears in my theme development to select an image by its unique ID in the WordPress media library.

Handy for instances where logos, banners, or any other image frequently recurs on a website and you’d rather store that image in the media library where it can be replaced or modified dynamically.

// replace 7 with unique ID number of image
$image_attributes = wp_get_attachment_image_src( $attachment_id = 7, 'full' );

// retrieves alternative text from image information 
$alt = get_post_meta( $attachment_id , '_wp_attachment_image_alt', true );

if ( $image_attributes ) {
	echo '<img src="'. $image_attributes[0] .'" width="' . $image_attributes[1] . '" height="' . $image_attributes[2] . '" alt="' . $alt . '" />';
}

How it works

  • Set the unique id number in the snippet
  • Displays the image and relevant attributes

This code is based on the official Code References at WordPress.org for wp_get_attachment_image_src() and as get_post_meta().

Categories
Tutorial WordPress

Creating a custom attachment loop for images and other files in WordPress

While building an attachment.php template for a project I opted to customize the loop to properly display an image within a figure tag and the caption within figcaption to aid accessibility.

Additionally if the file is not an image it will provide a button that can be styled along with a mime type.

The following code would have to be placed within the loop.

<?php 
if ( wp_attachment_is_image() ) {

	// Set the image's ID to an array so it can be reused later
	$image_id = get_the_ID();
	$caption = wp_get_attachment_caption( $image_id );

	echo '<figure>';

		// Displays the large version of the image if available
		echo wp_get_attachment_image( $image_id, 'large' );

		// if no caption is set or the value is null do nothing and don't display the empty tags
		if (!empty($caption) ) {
			echo '<figcaption>' . $caption . '</figcaption>';
		}

	echo '</figure>';

} else {

	// If the attachment is not an image display a button and mime type.
	$attachment_id = get_the_ID();

	$attachment_url = wp_get_attachment_url( $attachment_id ); 

	echo '<button type="button"><a href="' . $attachment_url . '" target="_blank">' . get_the_title( $attachment_id ) . '</a></button> ';

	echo '<span class="mime-type">' . get_post_mime_type( $attachment_id ) . '</span>';

}
?>